“Azerbaijan has one of the highest selective abortion rates in the world” reports Al Jazeera English.
Aborting female fetuses is often practiced in countries like China and Asia. But the countries of the Caucasus are also catching up. In 2013, the Economist wrote that more than 115 boys are born for every 100 girls in Azerbaijan and also in Armenia. In Georgia this ratio is even higher, reaching 120 boys. In 2012, the Guttmacher Institute concluded Azerbaijan had the highest total abortion rate in the world, with 2.3 abortions on an average.
In a study titled “The mystery of missing female children in the Caucasus: an analysis of sex ratios by birth order” the authors conclude, that sex ratios were elevated in countries like Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia. “According to a Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) data, sex ratios were high in Armenia and Azerbaijan for first births (138 and 113, respectively); of the first child was a girl, the sex ratio in Armenia was even higher for the second birth (154). Overall, the number of girls born in these countries in 2010 was 10% lower than expected, consistent with 1,972 sex-selective abortions in Armenia and 8,381 in Azerbaijan”.
The normal sex ratio at birth ranges from 102-106 males to 100 females. But according to the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe, the indicators in its member states like Azerbaijan or Armenia raise alarms.
A 2013 UNFP report indicated a ratio of 114-115/100 in Armenia and 116/100 in Azerbaijan. Despite reports, the sex-selective abortions continue to remain a problem in Azerbaijan as well as its neighboring countries of Georgia and Armenia.