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2016, 09 Dekabr, Cümə, Bakı vaxtı 15:52

- Keçmişdə oxucuların zövqü bizimkindən daha yaxşı idimi?

İngilisdilli ölkələrdə 1900-cü ildən bugünə qədər hər il hansı kitabın bestseller olduğu haqda siyahıya baxanda kitab zövqünün necə dəyişdiyini görmək olar. Bu siyahını ABŞ-ın Brandeis təqdiqat Universiteti hazırlayıb.

Siyahı ədəbiyyat tarixinin ciddi əsərlərilə başlanır, onlarla da davam edir və dövrümüzün populyar kommersiya kitabları ilə tamamlanır.

Kitabların əksəriyyəti dilimizə hələ tərcümə olunmadığına görə, onları ingilis dilindəcə təqdim edirik.

Siyahı

1900: To Have and To Hold, müəllifi: Mary Johnston
Və: Sister Carrie Theodore Dreiser, Lord Jim Joseph Conrad
1901: The Crisis Winston Churchill
Kim Rudyard Kipling, The Octopus Frank Norris
1902: The Virginian Owen Wister
Wings of the Dove Henry James
1903: Lady Rose's Daughter Mary Augusta Ward
Way of All Flesh Samuel Butler, The Ambassadors Henry James, The Call of the Wild Jack London
1904: The Crossing Winston Churchill
The Golden Bowl Henry James, Nostromo Joseph Conrad
1905: The Marriage of William Ashe Mary Augusta Ward
The House of Mirth Edith Wharton
1906: Coniston Winston Churchill
1907: The Lady of the Decoration Frances Little
The Secret Agent Joseph Conrad
1908: Mr. Crewe's Career Winston Churchill
A Room With a View E.M. Forster, The Old Wives' Tale Arnold Bennett
1909: The Inner Shrine Basil King
1910: The Rosary Florence Barclay
Howard's End E.M. Forster
1911: The Broad Highway Jeffrey Farnol
Zuleika Dobson Max Beerbohm
1912: The Harvester Gene Stratton Porter
1913: The Inside of the Cup Winston Churchill
Sons and Lovers D.H. Lawrence
1914: The Eyes of the World Harold Bell Wright
1915: The Turmoil Booth Tarkington
The Good Soldier Ford Maddox Ford, The Rainbow D.H. Lawrence, Of Human Bondage W. Somerset Maugham
1916: Seventeen Booth Tarkington
1917: Mr. Britling Sees It Through H.G. Wells
A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man James Joyce
1918: The U.P. Trail Zane Grey
Və: The Magnificent Ambersons Booth Tarkington
1919: The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse V. Blasco Ibanez
Və: Winesburg, Ohio Sherwood Anderson
1920: The Man of the Forest Zane Grey
Və: The Rainbow D.H. Lawrence, The Age of Innocence Edith Wharton
1921: Main Street Sinclair Lewis
1922: If Winter Comes A.S.M. Hutchison
Və: Ulysses James Joyce
1923: Black Oxen Gertrude Atherton
1924: So Big Edna Ferber
Və: A Passage to India E.M. Forster, Parade's End Ford Maddox Ford
1925: Soundings A. Hamilton Gibbs
Və: The Great Gats F. Scott Fitzgerald, An American Tragedy Theodore Dreiser
1926: The Private Life of Helen of Troy John Erskine
Və: The Sun Also Rises Ernest Hemingway
1927: Elmer Gantry Sinclair Lewis
Və: To the Lighthouse Virginia Woolf, Death Comes for the Archbishop Willa Cather
1928: The Bridge of San Luis Rey Thornton Wilder
Və: Point Counter Point Aldous Huxley
1929: All Quiet on the Western Front Erich Maria Remarque
Və: The Sound and the Fury William Faulkner, A High Wind in Jamaica Richard Hughes, A Farewell to Arms Ernest Hemingway
1930: Cimarron Edna Ferber
Və: As I Lay Dying William Faulkner, The Maltese Falcon Dashiell Hammett
1931: The Good Earth Pearl S. Buck
Və: Brave New World Aldous Huxley
1932: The Good Earth Pearl S. Buck
Və: Light in August William Faulkner, Tobacco Road Erskine Caldwell
1933: Anthony Adverse Hervey Allen
1934: Anthony Adverse Hervey Allen
Və: I, Claudius Robert Graves, Appointment in Samarra John O'Hara, Tender is the Nighta F. Scott Fitzgerald, A Handful of Dust Evelyn Waugh, Tropic of Cancer Henry Miller, The Postman Always Rings Twice James M. Cain
1935: Green Light Lloyd C. Douglas
Və: Studs Lonigan James T. Farrell
1936: Gone With the Wind Margaret Mitchell
1937: Gone With the Wind Margaret Mitchell
1938: The Yearling Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings
Və: U.S.A. John Dos Passos, Scoop Evelyn Waugh, The Death of the Heart Elizabeth Bowen
1939: The Grapes of Wrath John Steinbeck*
Və: The Day of the Locust Nathanael West, Finnegans Wake James Joyce
1940: How Green Was My Valley Richard Llewellyn
Və: Darkness at Noon Arthur Koestler, The Heart is a Lonely Hunter Carson McCullers, Native Son Richard Wright
1941: The Keys of the Kingdom A.J. Cronin
1942: The Song of Bernadette Franz Werfel
1943: The Robe Lloyd C. Douglas
1944: Strange Fruit Lillian Smith
1945: Forever Amber Kathleen Winsor
Və: The Catcher in the Rye J.D. Salinger, Brideshead Revisited Evelyn Waugh, Loving Henry Green
1946: The King's General Daphne du Maurier
Və: Animal Farm George Orwell, All the King's Men Robert Penn Warren
1947: The Miracle of the Bells Russell Janney
Və: Under the Volcano Malcolm Lowry
1948: The Big Fisherman Lloyd C. Douglas
Və: The Heart of the Matter Graham Greene, The Naked and the Dead Norman Mailer
1949: The Egyptian Mika Waltari
Və: 1984 George Orwell, The Sheltering Sky Paul Bowles
1950: The Cardinal Henry Morton Robinson
1951: From Here to Eternity James Jones*
Və: A Dance to the Music of Time Anthony Powell
1952: The Silver Chalice Thomas B. Costain
Və: Invisible Man Ralph Ellison
1953: The Robe Lloyd C. Douglas
Və: Go Tell it on the Mountain James Baldwin, The Adventures of Augie March Saul Bellow
1954: Not as a Stranger Morton Thompson
Və: Lord of the Flies William Golding, Under the Net Iris Murdoch
1955: Marjorie Morningstar Herman Wouk
Və: Lolita Vladimir Nabokov, The Ginger Man J.P. Donleavy
1956: Don't Go Near the Water William Brinkley
1957: Love Possessed James Gould Cozzens
Və: On the Road Jack Kerouac, The Alexandria Quartet Lawrence Durrell
1958: Doctor Zhivago Boris Pasternak
1959: Exodus Leon Uris
Və: Henderson the Rain King Saul Bellow
1960: Advise and Consent Allen Drury
1961: The Agony and the Ecstasy Irving Stone
Və: Catch-22 Joseph Heller, The Moviegoer Walker Percy, A House for Mr. Biswas V.S. Naipul, The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie Muriel Spark
1962: Ship of Fools Katherine Anne Porter
Və: Pale Fire Vladimir Nabokov, A Clockwork Orange Anthony Burgess
1963: The Shoes of Fisherman Morris L. West
1964: The Spy Who Came in From the Cold John Le Carre
1965: The Source James A. Michener
1966: Valley of the Dolls Jacqueline Susann
Və: The Magus John Fowles, Wide Sargasso Sea Jean Rhys
1967: The Arrangement Elia Kazan
Və: The Wapshot Chronicle John Cheever
1968: Airport Arthur Hailey
1969: Portnoy's Complaint Philip Roth*
Və: Slaughterhouse-Five Kurt Vonnegut
1970: Love Story Erich Segal
Və: Deliverance James Dickey
1971: Wheels Arthur Hailey
Və: Angle of Repose Wallace Stegner
1972: Jonathan Livingston Seagull Richard Bach
1973: Jonathan Livingston Seagull Richard Bach
1974: Centennial James A. Michener
1975: Ragtime E.L. Doctorow
1976: Trinity Leon Uris
1977: The Silmarillion J.R.R. Tolkien and Christopher Tolkien
1978: Chesapeake James A. Michener
1979: The Matarese Circle Robert Ludlum
Və: A Bend in the River V.S. Naipul, Sophie's Choice William Styron
1980: The Covenant James A. Michener
1981: Noble House James Clavell
Və: Midnight's Children Salman Rushdie
1982: E.T. the Extraterrestrial Storybook William Kotzwinkle
1983: Return of the Jedi Storybook Joan D. Vinge
Və: Ironweed William Kennedy
1984: The Talisman Stephen King and Peter Straub
1985: The Mammoth Hunters Jean M. Auel
1986: It Stephen King
1987: The Tommyknockers Stephen King
1988: The Cardinal of the Kremlin Tom Clancy
1989: Clear and Present Danger Tom Clancy
1990: The Plains of Passage Jean M. Auel
1991: Scarlett: The Sequel to Margaret Mitchell's "Gone with the Wind" Alexandra Ripley
1992: Dolores Claiburne Stephen King
1993: The Bridges of Madison County James Robert Waller
1994: The Chamber John Grisham
1995: The Rainmaker John Grisham
1996: The Runaway Jury John Grisham
1997: The Partner John Grisham
1998: The Street Lawyer John Grisham
1999: The Testament John Grisham
2000: The Brethern John Grisham
2001: Desecration Jerry B. Jenkins and Tim LaHaye
2002: The Summons John Grisham
2003: Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix J.K. Rowling
2004: The Da Vinci Code Dan Brown
2005: The Broker John Grisham
2006: For One More Day Mitch Albom
2007: Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows J.K. Rowling
2008: The Appeal John Grisham
2009: The Lost Symbol Dan Brown
2010: The Girl Who Kicked the Hornet's Nest Stieg Larsson
2011: The Litigators John Grisham
2012: Fifty Shades of Grey E.L. James

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